Hemp rope is a type of rope made from plant fibers or synthetic fibers, which has characteristics such as wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and tensile resistance. It is widely used in agriculture, construction, industry, transportation, and other fields. One of the main raw materials for hemp rope is jute, a tropical and subtropical bast fiber crop that can be woven into high-strength rough filaments. Jute has a long history of cultivation in China and was once one of the important economic crops. However, in recent years, there has been a decrease in planting area and yield, and even an import gap. In India, however, jute is a stable source of income. India is the world's largest producer and producer of jute, accounting for more than half of the global jute market.
Why is China's jute industry declining while India's jute industry can maintain a competitive advantage? Jute is a warm and humid climate with a minimum germination temperature of 13-14 ℃. It requires fertile and well drained sandy loam soil. Jute is a short day crop, and long fruit jute is more sensitive to sunlight than round fruit jute. The planting cycle of jute is generally 4-5 months, and after harvesting, it needs to go through processes such as peeling, sun drying, and beating to extract jute fibers. From the perspective of planting conditions, both China and India have regions suitable for the growth of jute, but India has a more obvious advantage.